Here you will find some quick facts about Hayden.
Name: Hayden Paddon
Age: 25 (20/4/87)
Hometown: Geraldine, South Island, NZ
Started Motorsport: Age 6 (go-karts)
First Car: Mini Leyland
First Rally: 2002 Hamner Rally (age 15)
First Overall Rally win: Whangarei 2007
Favourite Colour: Green
Favourite Food: Bread
Favourite Film: Worlds Fastest India, Senna
Idols: Colin McRae, Possum Bourne
Holiday Destination: Coast of Spain
Sports: Squash, Golf, Go-karts
Other Interests: Cricket, Travelling
Favourite Band: Coldplay, Foo Fighters, Evermore
Favourite Rally Stage: Waipu Caves, Whangarei, NZ
Best Results: 6th overall 2011 WRC Rally Australia, 5 PWRC victories, 14 NZRC victories
Favourite Quote: To Finish First First you must Finish
Goodluck Charm: Hard work
Hayden began his motorsport career in 1993 (aged 6) driving a homebuilt Go-Kart
In 1999 Hayden stepped upto racing Formula Karts where he won the Canterbury Championship.
At the same time in the late 90′s Chris won the Mainland series 1600 and 2WD Rally Championship with Hayden servicing.
Haydens first car was a Mini (age 13) where he won numerous races and titles within the Ashburton Car Club.
Hayden then stepped upto his fathers Corrola in late 2002 to compete in his first rally. After 6 events he won his first championship, Mainland Series 1600cc and 2WD champion which he defended succesfully in 2004.
2005 brought the step-up to 4WD, a Mitsubishi Evo4. A podium finish on his first rally in 4WD and leading the championship was followed up by a string of DNF
2006 was the debut of Team Green in the New Zealand Rally Championship, winning both the Junior and Rookie Championships.
2007 brought Hayden and the Teams first outright victory at the International Rally of Whangarei. As well as defending there Junior Championship also came within 1 point of winning the New Zealand Rally Championship.
2007 was also Hayden’s first international rally, competing in WRC Rally of GB. Unfortunately a string of mechanical problems put paid to any result.
2008 brought a new left-hand drive Mitsubishi Evo9. The team went on to win the New Zealand Rally Championship with a round to spare – achieving their 3 year plan to win the title. They also competed in Thailand and Malaysia to gain further expirience.
Driving their older Evo8 in the FIA Pacific Cup, they were able to clinch their first International Rally Title.
Succesfully defending there New Zealand Rally title in 2009 was made possible by winning 4 of the 5 rounds. Also a stellar peformance at Rally Australia which netted the team 9th overall and first Group N also won Hayden and John the Pirelli Star Driver Prize, for 6 rounds fully funded in the 2010 WRC.
With the Pirelli Star Driver scholarship for a 2010 PWRC season gave Hayden the opportunity to compete on the world stage for the first time.
And he did not disappoint, winning his maiden PWRC round in NZ and finishing 3rd in the championship.
In 2011 Hayden returned with their own self funded team and changing brands to Subaru. The partnership was hugely successful, dominating the PWRC by winning the first 4 rounds and winning the championship – the first time for someone from the southern hemisphere.
In 2012 Hayden and the team stepped into a S2000 Skoda continuing to compete in the WRC. It was a challenging year with a number of mechanical faults and small errors. They won SWRC rounds in Rally Portugal and Rally New Zealand, while showing their speed throughout the season. [/caption]
(From the start of his motor sport career)
Rallying is a sport that has been part of the Paddon family for quite some time now. Hayden’s father Chris first got into motor sport at the age of 22, competing in club events around the South Island in numerous cars. Born in 1987, Hayden was introduced to motor sport at a young age. At first he accompanied his Dad to rallies, before he was old enough to service for him. Chris went on to win the 1999 Mainland Series (South Island) 2WD and 1600cc championship.
Hayden then started driving go-karts at the age of 6. His first kart was one that his Dad built for him, powered by a chainsaw engine.
After stepping up to a bigger kart he was soon achieving respectable results, both regionally and nationally. Some of his notable results were South Canterbury champion, and runner up in the South Island championships two years running.
At the age of 10 he progressed to purpose built tarmac karts; a totally different level. All the karts were identical, and weight restrictions were imposed to make the competition as close as possible. Hayden thrived on the challenge though and was immediately at the front of the field.
He managed 3rd in the Canterbury champs in 1997, followed by becoming Canterbury champion in 1998, and then runner up in the 1999 Canterbury Club championship (consisting of 10 months of competition).
Then, at age 13, he purchased his first competition car; a Mini. Hayden stripped it out himself, before competing in his first event, held by the Ashburton Car Club. Out of the 22 competing, Hayden finished a respectable 10th overall in a standard Mini. With the Ashburton Car Club he competed in many motorkhanas and autocrosses. These are events held in paddocks, or car parks, where you compete against the clock. The person with the fastest time at the end of the event wins. In his first full season in the club he won the junior championship. The following year the Mini got an upgrade, having a bigger engine implanted and many other modifications to make it an easier car to drive. That year he won 5 of the 7 motorkhanas, and an autocross, on his way to winning the motorkhana championship and 0-1300cc championship. At the same time Hayden began co-driving for his father in his Toyota Levin, competing in Mainland Series events. The first event he co-drove in was the 2001 Southland Rally, as 0 (safety) car. This was made even more interesting for him as he didn’t know he was co-driving until they were only a few hours away from Invercargill. He then went on to co-drove for his father later the same year in the Timaru Rally, where he was a passenger in his first crash, when the car slipped off the road and into a ditch.
2002 was to be a bit of a messy year. It was a mix of driving his Mini and his Dad’s Levin. His first event in the Corolla was on his 15th birthday, in the Ashley Forest rally sprint. At the end of a testing day, his first time in the car on gravel, he finished 34th from 48 starters. From there the results just kept getting better and better for Hayden behind the wheel of the Toyota, with a 10th at a local hill climb, and 3rd overall in a weekend of events. At the same time he was still driving the Mini in local motorkhanas and autocrosses.
On the down side, his first crash as a driver was to come in mid 2002. Driving the Mini in an autocross, Hayden was in a dogfight for victory with 2 other competitors with far more powerful cars and more experience. Driving 150%, he hit a rut sideways at the end of a 130kmh straight, sending the car into a barrel roll. The car rolled twice and, as it didn’t have a roll cage, the roof caved in quite considerably. He was lucky to escape with just whiplash, but the car was a write off.
Two weeks later he competed in is first rally, at Hanmer. Aged 15, Hayden competed in the event with learner ‘L’ plates, which created a bit of interest and laughter. Seeded 24, he managed to end the event in 18th overall and 4th in class. Later that same year he competed in his local Timaru Rally, where he got quicker and quicker by the stage. By event end he had raced up to 18th overall and took class victory by over a minute. So 2002 was a year that wasn’t going to be forgotten in a hurry. Victories in the Mini, his first crash, first rally, and first rally class victory.
On to 2003, and his first full rally championship, the Mainland Rally Series. Driving his fathers Toyota, he missed the first round at Otago, but joined the championship at Southland. After a 6 month absence from behind the wheel he finished 19th overall and 4th in class. This was backed up by a class victory at Christchurch and a 4th in class at Catlins. With no one dominating the class, Hayden found himself in a strong championship position. He finished 3rd in class at Nelson and then won the final round, Westland. The consistent results, with 2 victories, set him up to win the Mainland 2WD championship, tied on points in the 1301-1600c championship.
With more sponsors, 2004 promised to be a bigger and better year. Once again driving his Dad’s car (Dad having now moved from the driver’s seat to team manager), they started their championship bid at round 3 of the 7 round series, in Timaru. Unfortunately, a puncture cost 20 minutes on stage 2, before they slid off the road and out of the event on the rallies 5th stage. So after round 3 the team had 1 point, while the class leaders had already collected 45 points. Hayden then did what was thought to be the impossible, as the whole team put in a huge effort to won the final 4 rounds in Canterbury, Catlins, Nelson and Westland, taking the 2004 1600cc class Mainland Rally championship. His pace during the latter part of the season was outstanding, beating the more powerful national 2WD cars on stages at Nelson, and on the verge of top 10 overall rally results at Canterbury and the Coast.
So, with two successful seasons in the Levin under his belt, he thought it was time to step up. Selling his Toyota, Chris purchased the 1997 New Zealand championship winning Mitsubishi Evo4. Partnered by new co-driver Nicole France, who also co-drove in the final 2 events of the 2004 championship, Hayden and the team attacked the 2005 Mainland Series and New Zealand Rally Extreme championships. The year was targeted solely at learning about the new car, but after a 3rd overall finish at the opening round in Southland, the team soon realized that event victories were a possibility. Their strong result was soon backed up by another excellent 4th overall finish at Timaru, after a lot of dust problems. Hayden went into the 3rd round of the Mainland Series leading the championship, but unfortunately Catlins was the start of a run of bad luck that would last till the end of the year. Hayden retired from the event while leading, with a blown clutch. The team then ventured to the North Island for the Rally Extreme round, and Hayden’s first tarmac stages. Unfortunately they had to retire from the morning after stage 2, with extensive frontal damage after an off road excursion on the slippery, wet tar. However, the crew did an amazing job and got the car back out for the afternoon’s gravel stages, where they set some competitive times considering the mornings damage meant they were well down on power.
The 4th round of the Mainland Series was the Nelson Rally, but once again their progress was hampered by mechanical gremlins. A bad engine misfire caused them to loose 5 minutes over the opening two stages, though later in the event Hayden managed a 3rd fastest stage time amongst the New Zealand National championship field, finishing behind two national champions.
The darkest day of Hayden’s life came on the 25 September 2005. Competing in the 5th round of the Mainland championship, Hayden and co-driver Nicole left the road on stage 5, while leading the event. The car came to a halt on its side, but worse was to follow, when 10 minutes after the accident the car caught fire. Despite everyone’s best efforts, the fire could not be controlled and the car burnt to the ground. It was a total loss, and the team and Hayden ended the season a rally early and with no car. Their 2005 season included 11 stage wins while they lead on 4 different rallies.
At the start of 2006 the disasters of 2005 made it seem like an up hill battle to get any sort of campaign together, but in the end it was all made possible thanks to the huge support of the New Zealand rally community and sponsors. A new Production Group N Mitsubishi Evo8 was the weapon of choice, to attack their debut year in the New Zealand Rally Championship, New Zealand’s premier rally class. The car and team sported the same Green colour scheme from the previous three years, and a new team name, “Team Green” was born.
2006 also brought a new co-driver, John Kennard. John has a wealth of overseas experience, in various world rally teams, which would be a great help to Hayden’s development, and to helping achieve his goal of making it to the WRC. So, with a new lease of life, new car and new championship, the team’s goals were to win the New Zealand Junior and Rookie titles in preparation for an all out assault on the overall title in 2007. The championship opener in Dunedin was a mixed bag for the team, 10th and leading rookie on day 1, but a blown motor on the opening stage of day 2 brought their run to an abrupt end. Financial restraints meant the team could not make the journey north to the International Rally of Rotorua, but they did compete in a Mainland rally in Southland. Once again they retired early with mechanical gremlins, while holding a strong 2nd. So on to round 3 of the NZ championships, where after a bad start to the year it was time to change their fortune and get back into contention for the rookie and junior titles. Taking maximum points in both championships at Whangarei, Hawkes Bay and Wairarapa was just what the doctor ordered, and along with two top 5 overall finishes, in Wairarapa and Hawkes Bay, the team had found a new confidence and reliability.
Going into the final round in Nelson, the Paddon Direct Team Green were in the box seat to wrap up both titles. Day one was a relatively short leg, but the main priority was to get the necessary points for the championships. 4th on day 1 and their first stage victory was a good way to start the weekend. After the opening two stages of leg 2, Hayden and co-driver John held a strong 3rd, but then problems hit the duo over the next set of 3 stages which dropped them to 5th. They held onto 5th until the end which was enough to clinch both the 2006 New Zealand Junior and Rookie titles, Hayden becoming the youngest rally title winner in New Zealand at age 19. It was a great year made possible by a great team effort, and was sure to be a good platform for a strong showing in the 2007 New Zealand Championship.
On to 2007 and with a successful learning year in 2006 under their belts the goal for 2007 was to show more speed and look towards outright victories. After more development and testing of the car during the off season, the team hit the ground running, with a fine 3rd overall at the opening round in Otago. It was a sign of bigger things to come, as they headed to the Asia Pacific round in Whangarei. This was a rally where everything clicked, and despite a bird’s best effort to go through the front window, Hayden and co-driver John steered their way to Hayden’s first rally victory, in doing so beating all the international teams home. Hayden described the victory as totally out of the blue and it the success took some time to sink in. As championship leader going into the third round, in the Wairarapa, they had the honour of sweeping the road for the first time, and it turned out to be a steep learning curve. Progressively lifting their speed stage by stage in the slippery conditions, they ended the rally in 3rd.
Then, on the single leg event in Hawkes Bay, in wet conditions, Hayden struggled to adapt, but, after a couple of new stage records, he clawed his way back to 4th and into the championship lead again. The 5th round was the International Rally of New Zealand, New Zealand’s round of the World Rally Championship, where the team also had a wild card entry into the Production WRC. Having set the 5th fastest Group N time on the opening stage, against some of the world’s best production car drivers, they ground to a halt on the second stage with gearbox failure. After their previous great form, Hayden described being totally gutted effectively being out of such an important event, both for the NZ championship and in front of the world audience. They rejoined for day 2 to amass more points for their national campaign, but would go to Nelson 20 points adrift of the championship lead, with only 32 points up for grabs. The team did all they could, Hayden driving his heart out and winning all but one stage. A convincing rally win, but an agonising one point off the overall championship victory, though Hayden did wrap up the NZ Junior title again.
To top the year off Hayden had another PWRC experience, this time as Team Jordan driver in the season ending WRC Wales Rally GB. Wanting to prove himself on the international scene, the rally got off to the worst possible start. After being in the top 5 in the early splits, they hit a culvert on the inside of a slow corner which broke the steering tie-rod and had to crawl through the stage with a wheel hanging off. Unfortunately they could not make roadside repairs, so their rally was short lived. They rejoined again for Day 2, only for the front sub frame to collapse, ending their rally for good. Reflecting on a trying and devastating rally, Hayden described it as character building, though encouraging him to be back bigger and stronger next time.
For 2008, a new car, Hayden and his trusted team building a brand new left-hand drive Mitsubishi Evo9, so he could adapt to left hand drive early in is career, in readiness for any offshore opportunities he may get. After coming so close to the NZ championship in 2007 the team were committed to going one better. The season did not get off to a great start, hitting a berm only a few km’s into the opening stage of the opening round and crawling through the remaining stages before service with broken intercooler pipes. Throughout the remainder of the event Hayden got more and more used to the left hand drive car and recovered to third for the weekend
Between rounds, Hayden competed in his local rally, the Rally of South Canterbury. It had been a rally that Hayden had long wanted to win, and this year was his year, winning 6 of the 8 stages on the way to a convincing victory while testing and developing the car. Round two of the NZ championship was at Otago, and immediately the team showed improved speed from round one. A close fought 2nd place on day one was followed by another 2nd on day two, to move the team into 2nd on the championship ladder. Next was Whangarei, and as defending champions Hayden wanted to prove the 2007 victory was no fluke. The team did just that, winning Day 2 and finishing second overall, again beating all the international teams and taking the championship lead. The fourth round was a rain shortened Rally Hawkes Bay, which had been reduced to one day due to flooding. After the car arrived at the event only minutes before the first stage, due to delays crossing from the South Island, Hayden and John went on to win 5 of the 6 stages, a convincing victory that allowed them to further extend their championship lead. At Rally of New Zealand they again had the privilege of gaining one of the wild car entries for the PWRC. With a new control tyre, of which Hayden had no experience, being used by all entrants for World Championship events, and with Hayden violently ill leading up to the rally, the team struggled to adapt to the new tyres throughout the event. Frustrated that he wasn’t showing the speed he knew he was capable of, they hung in there and got to the end of the event. Despite the rally not going to plan it was a career best result; 13th overall, 1st Kiwi, 4th in the world PWRC class and the youngest ever New Zealand Rally Champion at the age of just twenty-one.
“It is amazing to achieve our 3 year plan to win the championship and it has been a massive team effort. It took some time to sink in, but hopefully this is the start of a journey to achieving my ultimate goal of becoming a world rally champion”, described Hayden after their Championship victory. Co-driver John also won the co-drivers championship, his second Gold star title after winning the New Zealand Navigational Trails championship in the 80’s.
After winning the championship with one round remaining, the team missed Hayden’s favourite rally, Nelson. They instead had the Pirelli Star Driver scholarship final in Malaysia to concentrate on, offering the chance to win a fully funded drive on 6 rallies in the 2009 World Rally Championship. The Hayden and the team had only one result in mind, to win, but were also realistic about the challenges a new event would throw at them. The first stage got off to a good strong start, despite a technical glitch with the car that was rectified at first service. They were lying comfortably 2nd in the Pirelli standings and ready to pounce. Unfortunately on the slippery third stage Hayden made a small driving error that left the car stranded in the middle of the road after hitting a road-side palm tree and going no further. Hayden was devastated; a life long dream would have to go on hold for another year. The team worked miracles to get the front end of the car completely rebuilt overnight, so they could rejoin on Day two to gain experience. Even with a bent and battered car, they managed to win two stages outright and move back into 3rd in the overall Pirelli standings for the weekend. They still left Malaysia feeling dejected, but at the same time having learnt a lot for future events.
To date Hayden’s career has been full of highs and lows, but we hope this is only the start of a life story, as Hayden continues to strive towards his ultimate goal. He loves the sport and is committed to giving his all until the bitter end, no matter what length of time it may take.
Onto 2009 and little did Hayden and the team know at the time, but this was to be the year that was to be their major breakthrough into the World Rally Championship and the start of a new era in Hayden’s career. The team entered into both the New Zealand Rally Championship and the FIA Pacific Cup, which was incorporated into the Asia Pacific Championship.
The first two Pacific Cup rounds in New Caledonia and Queensland the team used their older Evo 8 from 2007. Their championship could not have got off to a worse start, a blown gearbox sidelining the team on day 1 at New Caledonia while day 2 was rained off after torrential rain overnight made the mountain stages impassable. Then onto Queensland, and on day 1 a heavy impact through a ford crossing smashed the rear diff to bits, having to crawl through the next three stages before getting to service. They finished the day recovering to get maximum points for the Pacific Cup despite their 5 minute time loss. Day 2 and things were still going well setting competitive times in the older car against the locals. However, on the same ford crossing from day 1 but in reverse direction claimed Hayden again on the final stage of the rally, unfortunately this time crushing the rear suspension to bits. The car ground to a halt, but due to Hayden and John’s persistence were able to make road side repairs enabling them to limp out of the stage on three wheels. Due to the retirements of others, by finishing they were able to claim points for second place in the Pacific Cup. As a result of their outright victory in Rally Whangarei and their persistence and determination at Queensland the team won their first international championship, the FIA Pacific Cup.
The New Zealand Rally Championship was contested over five rounds including Hawkes Bay, Otago, Whangarei, Wairarapa and Nelson. The championship did not get off to the best start for the defending champions, driving their left-hand drive Evo 9. A string of set-up and technical glitches at the first round meant that they could only achieve second place for the championship opener. Nevertheless, then started Team Green’s dominance of the 2009 Rally Championship, winning the first four rounds in a dominant fashion. This included the International Rally of Whanagrei while sweeping the road as the first car amongst the Asia Pacific field, and their surprising victory on fellow championship contender Richard Mason on his home ground, Wairarapa. Back to back titles was the perfect way to repay the amount of work the whole team had poured in over the whole season, which included running two cars in two different championships.
“After our first three rally’s this season [New Caledonia, Queensland and Hawkes Bay] we would have never thought the year would turn out like this. It has been a dream year which is a huge credit to the whole team and is really the turning point in my career” said Hayden.
Their victory at the 2009 Rally Whangarei also opened up another door for Hayden and the team, gaining them qualification for the Pirelli Star Driver final at WRC Rally of Australia. Six young drivers from over the Asia Pacific were competing for the scholarship, which provides the recipient with a fully funded drive in the six rounds of the 2010 World Rally Championship driving a Mitsubishi Evo 10. Drivers were also judged and analysed during the pre-event shakedown, media interviews and interviews by the panel of judges. Judges included some of Australia’s greats of motorsport at M-Sport boss Malcolm Wilson. These scores were combined with the results from the first competition day which determined the winner. Hayden and John were the fastest of all the crews over the nine stages, this combined with the pre-event scores they were judged the winners of the Pirelli Star Driver Scholarship. YAY!
“This is a massive dream come true for me. Now the hard work is to make the most of this once in a lifetime opportunity to use it as a springboard to consolidate a position at the elite level of the sport. I cannot thank Pirelli and FIA enough for this opportunity” said Hayden following the event.
It got better for the team when continuing over the final two days of the event to win Group N ahead of all the professional PWRC teams and 9th overall behind the factory World Rally Teams. This is a feat that has never been achieved by a New Zealander on foreign territory before.
To cap the year off Hayden was announced the winner of the $50,000 International Rising Stars Scholarship run by Rally of New Zealand. The financial and professional assistance will help Hayden to compete in a full 2010 PWRC calendar and strive for a podium championship position.
The 2010 season was the start of Hayden’s international career as he and co-driver John Kennard embarked on the PWRC with the Pirelli Star Driver scholarship. The experience gained was hugely beneficial to both Hayden’s driving and off track performance as he learnt all new events from each corner of the globe.
In ‘cup’ style Mitsubishi Evo 10’s which could not be individually tuned for each driver (due to the regulations of the scholarship) Hayden adapted quickly, but two retirements in the first two rounds in Turkey and Portugal did put them on the back foot. However these two rounds did not count towards the PWRC and there PWRC could not have started better by scoring his maiden victory at home in NZ with his own Team Green Evo 9. They then followed this up with 3rd in the spiritual home of rallying in Finland with the Pirelli car. Then came a very strong and unexpected 2nd in Germany on his ebut on tarmac, and after another 2nd in Japan, they went into the final two rounds with a chance of winning the championship.
To do this they had to win on France, another tarmac event. All was looking good, leading on day 1 ahead of their much more experienced competition before alternator failure put a stop on their championship aspirations. Another podium on the final round in GB secured 3rd in the championship after a highly successful year. However the competitive Hayden saw things differently and was disappointed that they missed out on the championship.
The experience and exposure from 2010 gave the team a good platform to work on for 2011, but with the aid of a scholarship or a large sponsorship, the team struck a major brick wall of budget restraints.
With this along with the passion and enthusiasm of many of Hayden’s supporters brought about the creation of Hayden Paddon Rallysport Global ltd. The purpose of the company along with the directors was to give Hayden’s career direction and help in securing funding and future deals.
The option of entering the PWRC was taken but was a big risk as at the time that the entry was submitted, the bank balance was zero. A massive effort by the team and company along with shareholders and partners allowed them to do something that many thought was impossible, fund a PWRC campaign 100% from New Zealand. So was born a new World Champion!
Another big decision made for 2011 was the change from Mitsubishi to Subaru. While a decision that Hayden lost a lot of sleep over, their new partnership with Subaru and Belgium team Symtech Racing was a hugely successful one. Their first event in Portugal they were able to set a scorcher first stage time, beating everyone else by 13 seconds. This set the tone for the rest of the season as everyone else played catch up and convincing victories in Portugal and Argentina got their championship off to the best possible start.
Then a hard fought victory in Finland while competing against the fast locals was a highlight but also put them in a position heading to rally Australia where they could win the championship. And win the championship they did, convincingly winning a 4th round in a row (first time in a support championship since Sebastian Loeb in 2001) and being cheered on by a large group of New Zealand supporters.
The final two rounds in Spain and GB gave them a chance to push without the worries of a championship on their shoulders. Their speed on tarmac was again impressive although a pre event electrical fault put paid to any result, while in GB the team experimented with a new R4 Subaru for the first time.
The season was capped off by a trip to India for the end of year FIA prize giving where Hayden and John were presented their 2011 awards along with fellow rally, formula 1 and touring car champions.
In 2012 Hayden and the team stepped into a S2000 Skoda continuing to compete in the WRC. It was a challenging year with a number of mechanical faults and small errors. They won SWRC rounds in Rally Portugal and Rally New Zealand, while showing their speed throughout the season.
- 1st SWRC Rally Portugal
- 1st SWRD Rally New Zealand
- 2011 PWRC champions
- 2011 3rd NZ championship
- 3rd 2010 PWRC championship
- 2009 FIA Pacific Cup Champions
- 2007 and 2009 FIA Rally of Whangarei winners
- 2008 and 2009 Rally Founders winner
- 2008 and 2009 New Zealand Rally Champions
- 2006, 2007 and 2008 New Zealand Junior Rally Champion
- 6 NZRC Rally victories
- Competed in Thailand, Wales Rally GB, Malaysia, Australia and New Caledonia.